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Research Summaries

Use this resource to find and share all the latest research in early onset scoliosis performed by members of the Children's Spine Study Group. Our research is peer-reviewed, presented at worldwide conferences, and disseminated in scientific journals and is available for you in summary-form.

Search by: either KEYWORD or AUTHOR LAST NAME

Title: The Association Between the Classification of Early-Onset Scoliosis and Smith Complications After Initiation of Growth-friendly Spine Surgery: A Preliminary Study

Authors: Russo C, Trupia E, Campbell M, Matsumoto H, Smith JT, Samdani A, Emans J, Roye D, Vitale MG, & Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: January 19, 2019

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Title: A Multicenter Study of the Epidemiology of Deep Surgical Site Infections in Children With Nonidiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis Including Associated Pathogens

Authors: Minkara AA, Matsumoto H, Glotzbecker M, Samdani A, Flynn J, Vitale MG, Saiman L, CSSG

Date: July 01, 2019

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Title: A New Classification System to Report Complications in Growing Spine Surgery. A Multicenter Consensus Study

Authors: John T. Smith, MD, Charles Johnston, MD, David Skaggs, MD, John Flynn, MD, Michael Vitale, MD

Date: January 01, 2015

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Title: Best Practice Guidelines for Surgical Site Infection Prevention With Surgical Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis

Authors: Glotzbecker MP, St Hilaire TA, Pawelek JB, Thompson GH, Vitale MG, Children’s Spine Study Group, and Growing Spine Study Group

Date: October 23, 2017

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Title: Complication Severity Score for Growth-Friendly Surgery Has Strong Inter-rater and Intra-rater Agreement

Authors: Michael N, Pan Z, Smith JT, Palmer C, St. Hilaire T, Morgan J, Heagy V, Children’s Spine Study Group, Garg S

Date: April 01, 2018

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Title: Complications and Radiographic Outcomes of Posterior Spinal Fusion and Observation in Patients Who Have Undergone Distraction-Based Treatment for Early Onset Scoliosis

Authors: Jeffrey R. Sawyer, MD, Rodrigo GóesMedéa de Mendonça, MD, Tara S. Flynn, BA, Amer F. Samdani, MD, Ron El-Hawary, MD, Alan J. Spurway, MASc, John T. Smith, MD, John B. Emans, MD, Tricia A. St. Hilaire, MPH, Stephen J. Soufleris, BS, Ryan P. Murphy, BS, Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: January 01, 2016

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Title: Distraction-Based Surgeries Increase Spine Length for Patients With Nonidiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis- 5-Year Follow-up

Authors: El Bromboly Y, Hurry J, Padhye K, Johnston CE, McClung A, Samdani A, Glotzbecker M, Attia A,Tricia St. Hilaire T, El-Hawary R, CSSG, GSSG

Date: September 01, 2019

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Title: Early-Onset Spinal Deformity in Skeletal Dysplasias: A Multicenter Study of Growth-Friendly Systems

Authors: White KK, Bompadre V, Shah SA, Redding GJ, Krengel WF III, Mackenzie WG, Children’s Spine Study Group, Growing Spine Study Group

Date: July 01, 2018

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Title: How Often Do You Lengthen? A Physician Survey on Lengthening Practice for Prosthetic Rib Devices

Authors: Striano BM, Refakis C, Garg S, El-Hawary R, Pahys JM, Vitale MG, Campbell RM, Flynn JM, Cahill PJ

Date: July 01, 2018

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Title: Incidence of Complications in the Management of Non-Ambulatory Neuromuscular Early-Onset Scoliosis with a Rib-Based Growing System: High- Versus Low-Tone Patient

Authors: Ramirez N, Olivella G, Rodriguez O, Marrero P, Smith J, Garg S, Vitale MG, St. Hilaire T, Betz R.

Date: December 20, 2019

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Title: VEPTR Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis in Children Without Rib Abnormalities: Long-term Results of a Prospective, Multicenter Study.

Authors: El-Hawary R, Morash K, Kadhim M, Vitale M, Smith J, Samdani A, Flynn J, CSSG.

Date: September 20, 2019

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Title: Unplanned Return to OR (UPROR) for Early Onset Scoliosis Children: A Comprehensive Evaluation of all Diagnoses and Instrumentation Strategies

Authors: Anari JB, Flynn JM, Cahill PJ, Vitale MG, Smith JT, Gomez JA, Garg S, Baldwin KD, CSSG.

Date: February 06, 2020

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Title: Prospectively collected surgeon indications for discontinuation of a lengthening program for early onset scoliosis

Authors: Murphy RF, Barfeld WR, St Hilaire T, Smith JT, Emans JB, Samdani A, Garg S, Sawyer JR, Pahys JM, CSSG.

Date: January 24, 2020

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Title: Incidence of Complications in the Management of Non-Ambulatory Neuromuscular Early-Onset Scoliosis with a Rib-Based Growing System: High- Versus Low-Tone Patient

Authors: Ramirez N, Olivella G, Rodriguez O, Marrero P, Smith J, Garg S, Vitale MG, St. Hilaire T, Betz R.

Date: December 20, 2019

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Title: Pelvic Obliquity Correction in Distraction-Based Growth Friendly Implants

Authors: Schur M, Andras LM, Murgai R, Siddiqui AA, Gonsalves NR, Sponseller PD, Emans JB, Vitale MG, Skagg DL, GSSG, CSSG.

Date: November 01, 2019

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Title: Results of growth-friendly management of early-onset scoliosis in children with and without skeletal dysplasias: a matched comparison.

Authors: Helenius IJ, Saarinen AJ, White KK, McClung A, Yazici M, Garg S, Thompson GH, Johnston CE, Pahys JM, Vitale MG, Akbarnia BA, Sponseller PD.

Date: December 01, 2019

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Title: Distraction-Based Surgeries Increase Spine Length for Patients With Nonidiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis- 5-Year Follow-up

Authors: El Bromboly Y, Hurry J, Padhye K, Johnston CE, McClung A, Samdani A, Glotzbecker M, Attia A,Tricia St. Hilaire T, El-Hawary R, CSSG, GSSG

Date: September 01, 2019

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Title: A Multicenter Study of the Epidemiology of Deep Surgical Site Infections in Children With Nonidiopathic Early-Onset Scoliosis Including Associated Pathogens

Authors: Minkara AA, Matsumoto H, Glotzbecker M, Samdani A, Flynn J, Vitale MG, Saiman L, CSSG

Date: July 01, 2019

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Title: Spine Deformity With Fused Ribs Treated With Proximal Rib- Versus Spine-Based Growing Constructs.

Authors: Larson AN, Baky FJ, St Hilaire T, Pawelek J, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Pahys JM, Children's Spine Study Group, Growing Spine Study Group.

Date: January 01, 2019

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Title: The Association Between the Classification of Early-Onset Scoliosis and Smith Complications After Initiation of Growth-friendly Spine Surgery: A Preliminary Study

Authors: Russo C, Trupia E, Campbell M, Matsumoto H, Smith JT, Samdani A, Emans J, Roye D, Vitale MG, & Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: January 19, 2019

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Title: Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome

Authors: Oscar Mayer,MD, a Robert Campbell, MD, b Patrick Cahill,MD,b and Gregory Redding, MDc

Date: March 01, 2016

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Title: Variability of surgical site infection with VEPTR at 8 centers: A retrospective cohort analysis

Authors: Garg S, Cyr M, St Hilaire T, Flynn T, Carry P, Glotzbecker M, Smith JT, Sawyer J, Pahys J, Luhmann S, Flynn JM, El-Hawary R, Vitale M

Date: January 01, 2016

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Title: Complications and Radiographic Outcomes of Posterior Spinal Fusion and Observation in Patients Who Have Undergone Distraction-Based Treatment for Early Onset Scoliosis

Authors: Jeffrey R. Sawyer, MD, Rodrigo GóesMedéa de Mendonça, MD, Tara S. Flynn, BA, Amer F. Samdani, MD, Ron El-Hawary, MD, Alan J. Spurway, MASc, John T. Smith, MD, John B. Emans, MD, Tricia A. St. Hilaire, MPH, Stephen J. Soufleris, BS, Ryan P. Murphy, BS, Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: January 01, 2016

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Title: VEPTR Implantation After Age 3 is Associated with Similar Radiographic Outcomes With Fewer Complications

Authors: Upasani VV1, Miller PE, Emans JB, Smith JT, Betz RR, Flynn JM, Glotzbecker MP; Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: May 01, 2016

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Title: The Final 24-Item Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaires (EOSQ-24): Validity, Reliability and Responsiveness

Authors: Matsumoto H, Williams B, Park HY, Yoshimachi JY, Roye BD, Roye DP Jr, Akbarnia BA, Emans J, Skaggs D, Smith JT, Vitale MG.

Date: January 01, 2016

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Title: Surgeon Survey Shows No Adverse Events with MRI in Patients with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods (MCGR)

Authors: Regina P. Woon, MPH, Lindsay M. Andras, MD, HilaliNoordeen, MD, Stephen Morris, MD, John Hutchinson, MD, Suken Shah, MD, Jeff Pawelek, BS, Charles Johnston, MD, David L. Skaggs, MD, MMM, Children’s Spine Study Group,Growing Spine Study Group

Date: May 01, 2018

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Title: VEPTR Implantation to Treat Children With Early-Onset Scoliosis Without Rib Abnormalities: Early Results From a Prospective Multicenter Study

Authors: El-Hawary R, Kadhim M, Vitale M, Smith J, Samdani A, Flynn JM; Children’s Spine Study Group.

Date: December 01, 2017

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Title: A New Classification System to Report Complications in Growing Spine Surgery. A Multicenter Consensus Study

Authors: John T. Smith, MD, Charles Johnston, MD, David Skaggs, MD, John Flynn, MD, Michael Vitale, MD

Date: January 01, 2015

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Title: Complication Severity Score for Growth-Friendly Surgery Has Strong Inter-rater and Intra-rater Agreement

Authors: Michael N, Pan Z, Smith JT, Palmer C, St. Hilaire T, Morgan J, Heagy V, Children’s Spine Study Group, Garg S

Date: April 01, 2018

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Title: VEPTR: Are We Reducing Respiratory Assistance Requirements?

Authors: Sarah B. Nossov, MD; Evan Curatolo, MD; Robert M. Campbell, MD; Oscar H. Mayer, MD; Sumeet Garg, MD; Patrick Cahill, MD; and On Behalf of the Children’s Spine Study Group

Date: April 01, 2017

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